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Volume 11 (2017) Volume 10 (2016) Volume 9 (2015) Volume 8 (2014) Volume 7 (2013) Volume 6 (2012) Volume 5 (2011) Volume 4 (2010) Volume 3 (2009) Volume 2 (2008) Volume 1 (2007)

Volume 10 Issue 4 (2016)

Innovations and Fighting Global Economic Problems original article

pp. 289-298 | First published in 31 December 2016 | DOI:10.5709/ce.1897-9254.216

Natalia G. Vovchenko, Olga B. Ivanova, Elena D. Kostoglodova, Marina O. Otrishko, Olga S. Dzhu

Abstract

The authors proffer the hypothesis that the most important issue in all of the previously studied global economic problems is the imperfection of the production process. Innovations stimulate the improvement of the production process and provide solutions to global economic problems. Thus, the purpose of this article is to verify this hypothesis and determine the role of innovations in overcoming global economic problems. To verify the hypothesis, the authors use analysis of causal connections, problem and systemic analysis, economic and mathematical modeling, and a developed proprietary economic and mathematical model of the production process. The authors conduct an analysis of global economic problems at present and in perspective and determine the role of innovations in overcoming these global economic problems. The offered hypothesis is proven, and it is substantiated, based on the problem of resource limitations, disproportions of economic growth, and crises in the global economy, that innovations play an important role in solving global economic problems. For example, innovations lead to improvements in the production process because the consumption of resources is reduced and the volume of manufactured goods is increased, which solves the problem of resource limitations. Furthermore, the implementation of production innovations in enterprises in the least developed countries stimulates their economic development and reduces the level of countries’ differentiation in the global economy. Accordingly, the authors determine the directions of development with respect to the innovation activities of modern enterprises for overcoming global economic problems, and they develop an algorithm for the development of the modern global economy.

Keywords: innovations, global economic problems, global economy, crisis, limitations of resources

Global Innovational Networks: Sense and Role in Development of Global Economy original article

pp. 299-310 | First published in 31 December 2016 | DOI:10.5709/ce.1897-9254.217

Egor V. Dudukalov, Natalia D. Rodionova, Yana E. Sivakova, Elena Vyugova, Irina V. Cheryomushkina, Elena G. Popkova

Abstract

The starting point for this research is the authors’ hypothesis that global innovational networks play an important role in the development of the modern global economy because they stimulate international cooperation in the innovational sphere, the translation of knowledge in the global economic system, and general scientific and technological development and production development. The purpose of this article is to verify this hypothesis, conduct a complex study on the phenomenon of global innovational networks, and determine their purpose and role in the development of the modern global economy. The methodological basis of this research is founded on the logical modeling of economic systems and methods of structural and functional, systemic, and problem analysis. In the process of the research, the authors studied examples of global innovational networks created based on modern Europe that include countries from all over the world, namely, Horizon 2020, ERA.Net RUS, and Eurocores (European Collaboration Research). The authors also conducted complex analysis of statistical information on various global innovational networks, the dynamics of the quantity of innovational projects, realized participation in global innovational networks, and the significance of the global innovational indexes of countries of Western Europe (Great Britain, Germany, France, and Italy), Central and Eastern Europe (Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, and Latvia) and Russia in 2005-2014. The authors provide a sense of global innovational networks, including their peculiarities and advantages; build a structural and logical model of the global market of innovations; and determine the role of global innovational networks in the development of the modern global economy.

Keywords: global innovational networks, globalization, global economy, economic development

Transnational Business as a Manifestation of the Integration of the Global Economy and a Driving Force of its Development original article

pp. 311-322 | First published in 31 December 2016 | DOI:10.5709/ce.1897-9254.218

Svetlana S. Morkovina, Alexandr S. Natsubidze, Margarita S. Irizepova, Nikolai G. Sinyavsky, Vladimir V. Chashchin

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to determine the significance of transnational business in the development of the global economic system, to present perspectives on its further functioning and distribution in the global economy, and to develop recommendations for state regulation of entrepreneurship in developing countries for the purposes of attracting transnational business and stimulating the internationalization of domestic business. To achieve this purpose, the authors use statistical information combined with several methods: substantiation of mathematical expressions “by contradiction”, structural analysis, classical methods of analyzing economic effectiveness, comparative analysis, problem and SWOT-analysis, systemic analysis, modeling of the current state of (and perspectives on) the development of economic systems, and formalization. The authors reach the conclusion that transnational business is a manifestation and driving force of the development of the modern global economy and that maximization of the economic growth of the global economy in the long-term requires the creation of favorable conditions for further development of transnational business. Transnational business plays an important role in the development of the global economic system. Perspectives on the further functioning and distribution of transnational business in the global economy are connected to the development of integration processes and the realization of a free trade policy. To overcome threats to the development of transnational business, the authors of this study offer recommendations for state regulation of business in developing countries for the purpose of attracting transnational business and stimulating the internationalization of domestic business, and a special model is developed.

Keywords: transnational business, integration of the global economy, driving force of development, developed countries, developing countries

Scenarios of Business Development in the Agricultural Machinery Market Under Conditions of International Trade Integration original article

pp. 323-332 | First published in 31 December 2016 | DOI:10.5709/ce.1897-9254.219

Tatiana N. Litvinova, Galina A. Khmeleva, Lilia V. Ermolina, Tatiana V. Alferova, Irina V. Cheryomushkina

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to identify and analyze scenarios of business development in the agricultural machinery market under conditions of international trade integration using the case of present-day Russia and to determine the need for state support for domestic production. As a methodological provision, we use the scenario analysis method adapted by the authors for the determination and analysis of possible scenarios of business development in the agricultural machinery market under conditions of international trade integration. From the research results, the authors conclude that the Russian agricultural machinery market develops dynamically under the influence of multiple favorable factors and positive tendencies, which include a population’s income growth, increases in crop areas of farm crops, and state agricultural machinery modernization programs, among other. In view of recent events in the currency market, Russian manufacturers of agricultural machinery are presented with better opportunities to export their products. The performed analysis of features of the Russian agricultural machinery market under conditions of international trade integration shows that increased demand and market prices are probable and that this could lead to enterprise income growth. From our scenario analysis of business development in the agricultural machinery market under conditions of international trade integration, we identify the absence of an urgent need for state interference in market processes in the Russian market for agricultural machinery in the next five years.

Keywords: business development, agricultural machinery market, international trade integration, scenario analysis

Regional Innovation Development as a Feature of Competitiveness in the XXI Century original article

pp. 333-342 | First published in 31 December 2016 | DOI:10.5709/ce.1897-9254.220

Irina S. Zinovyeva, Yuri А. Kozenko, Kirill B. Gerasimov, Yulia I. Dubova, Margarita S. Irizepova

Abstract

The authors of this paper hypothesize that one of the most significant features of regional competitiveness in the global economy is innovation development and that through innovation application, underdeveloped regions can reduce the gap between them and leading regions and can in turn surpass leading regions. The purpose of the article is to verify this hypothesis, to determine the role and significance of innovation development in the provision of regional competitiveness and to identify ways to increase the competitiveness of underdeveloped regions through innovation application. The methodological basis of the research is comprised of a specially developed proprietary methodology for the evaluation of regional competitiveness and a modified factor analysis methodology for the determination of factors of regional economic growth using the “economic miracle” case for various regions. Through this study, the authors validate the proposed hypothesis and conclude that innovation development critically shapes regional competitiveness by determining the quality of economic growth. The proposed model for increasing regional competitiveness on the basis of innovation development presents new opportunities to increase the competitiveness of underdeveloped regions through innovation application.

Keywords: innovation development, regional economies, competitiveness

The Peculiarities of State Regulation of Innovation Activities of Enterprises in the Global Economy original article

pp. 343-352 | First published in 31 December 2016 | DOI:10.5709/ce.1897-9254.221

Yuri A. Kolesnikov, Tatiana V. Epifanova, Anastasia M. Usenko, Ekaterina Parshina, Victoria N. Ostrovskaya

Abstract

The purposes of this article are to determine the peculiarities of state regulation of the innovational activity of enterprises in the global economy, to determine the level of connection between a country’s competitiveness in the global economy and the effectiveness of state regulation of innovational activity in that country, and to develop recommendations for improving the process of state regulation of innovational activity of enterprises in the global economy. To determine the level of connection between a country’s competitiveness in the global economy and the effectiveness of state regulation of innovational activity in that country, this study uses the method of correlation analysis, which calculates the coefficient of correlation using mathematical instruments and program methods (MS Excel and MathCad). To evaluate the effectiveness of state regulation of innovational activity of enterprises in the global economy, this study uses a specially developed proprietary methodology. As a result of this research, the authors determined the following peculiarities of state regulation of innovational activity of enterprises under the conditions of the global economy: an increased role of the innovational sphere in the development of economies, an accelerated rate of development of innovations, activation of the export of innovations, regulation of the entire economy through regulation of the sphere of innovations, and domination by indirect methods of state regulation of innovational activity of enterprises. For the purpose of improving the process of state regulation of the innovational activity of enterprises under the conditions of the global economy, the authors of this research offer an optimization model.

Keywords: state regulation, innovational activity, enterprise, global economy, knowledge economy

Unification of Economic Systems in the Global Economy: Barriers and Preconditions original article

pp. 353-362 | First published in 31 December 2016 | DOI:10.5709/ce.1897-9254.222

Svetlana G. Vokina, Yulia S. Zima, Nikolai G. Sinyavsky, Vadim Meshkov, Aleksandra V. Sultanova

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to determine barriers and preconditions for reducing the differences in the level of development in the global economy’s countries and to develop recommendations for solving the problem of the global economy’s economic systems unification. In order to determine the gap between developed and developing countries, the authors use the comparative analysis method. In order to determine possibilities, problems, perspectives, and threats to overcoming the gap by developing countries, the authors use the SWOT-analysis method. For studying the global economy’s economic development disproportions, this research uses specially developed proprietary analysis of gap depth in economic development. As a result of the analysis, the authors determined that the level of economic development of the most developed countries exceeds the level of developing countries by more than four times. This reflects a huge gap depth and a high level of differentiation for countries in the global economy. The authors conclude that barriers of unification of economic systems in the global economy are primarily related to socio-political factors. Preconditions to reducing the difference in level of economic development for countries in the global economy are predetermined by the influence of globalization and international integration of economic systems.

Keywords: Problem of Unification, Economic System, Global Economy, Economic Development Disproportions

Theoretical and Methodological Aspects of Innovation Development in Modern Economic Systems original article

pp. 363-372 | First published in 31 December 2016 | DOI:10.5709/ce.1897-9254.223

Irina V. Gashenko, Svetlana G. Vokina, Dmitry G. Romanov, Tatiana L. Bezrukova, Yuri А. Kozenko

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to classify existing approaches to analyzing theoretical and methodological aspects of innovation development in modern economic systems. We also present a new approach based on existing ones that combines advantages, eliminates drawbacks, and offers means of analyzing innovation development in modern economic systems and that presents optimal models of innovation development in modern economic systems. The authors develop and approbate – based on the case of present-day Russia – proprietary methodologies for examining innovation development in modern economic systems. It involves the calculation of an index of innovation development that reflects current levels of innovation development in economic systems and possibilities and perspectives related to innovation development in economic systems in the near future. The authors classify approaches to the analysis of theoretical and methodological aspects of innovation development in modern economic systems as criteria on innovation development in economic systems. Within this classification, the authors distinguish between and conduct comparative analyses of the following three main approaches: plan-factual, ranking, and indexing, which involve making various theoretical assumptions on innovation development in modern economic systems and on the use of various methodologies. The authors present a new approach to the analysis of theoretical and methodological aspects of innovation development in modern economic systems that eliminate drawbacks of existing approaches and that present unique advantages (simple calculations and universal use). In turn, an optimal model of innovation development in modern economic systems is offered.

Keywords: innovation development, modern economic system, human capital, economic growth

Innovational Development for Transitional Economy – Russia Case Study original article

pp. 373-380 | First published in 31 December 2016 | DOI:10.5709/ce.1897-9254.224

Valeria A. Arsenyevа, Svetlana A. Litvinova, Valentina N. Parakhina, Zinaida N. Kozenko, Mikhail Y. Denisov

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to develop mechanisms of innovational development for countries with transitional economies. The methodological base of the research consists of a factor analysis of the structure of GDP adapted to the analysis of the innovational development of countries with a transitional economy, distinguishing the innovational sphere of the economy, the structure of manufactured innovational goods, the structure of the creation of leading production technologies, and the structure of the leading production technologies. During the course of the research, the authors determined the key problems inhibiting innovational development in Russia and other countries with transitional economies, determined the most important preconditions of Russia’s transition to an innovation-oriented type of economic development, and offered instruments for Russia’s transition to an innovation-oriented type of economic development. As a result, the authors developed working mechanisms of the innovational development of countries with a transitional economy. The authors come to the conclusion that the innovational development of an economy is an important condition for the adaptation of countries with a transitional economy to new market conditions because it allows the private manufacturing of products that are competitive in global markets. High innovational activity is one of the most important features of a market economy compared to an administrative & command economic system; thus, without the development of innovations, transitioning to a new type of economic system is impossible for countries with a transitional economy.

Keywords: innovational development, countries with transitional economy, leading production technologies, modern Russia